- by Dr. Ravneet Dhillon
- March 21, 2023
All of us want a radiant smile that can light up a room. Our smile is also the first thing that people notice about us when we meet them. So it is only natural to want a great set of good-looking teeth.
To keep your smile everlasting, you need to avoid common dental problems. The good thing is that most common dental problems can be prevented. You just need to make sure that you take care of your teeth and do what your dentist recommends.
Poor dental hygiene is the most common cause of dental problems. Regularly brushing your teeth, flossing, rinsing your mouth after every meal, and getting regular dental checkups are some of the things that you can do to avoid dental problems.
Here, we are going to discuss the most common dental problems along with the ways to prevent them.
Here is a list of common dental problems and how to avoid them
1. Cavities or Tooth Decay
Tooth cavities or tooth decay is one of the most prevalent dental problems in the world. According to the WHO, about 60-90% of all kids have dental cavities. Even the CDC states that 9 out of 10 adults have some degree of tooth decay. Tooth decay can occur in all age groups.
Tooth decay is caused when a film of bacteria forms on the surface of your teeth mostly due to the consumption of too many sugary foods. It is also called plaque. Bacteria feed on the sugar that settles on your teeth and this creates acid which directly destroys the enamel of your teeth.
This eventually causes permanent holes in your teeth and causes problems like toothache, sensitivity to hot or cold, visible spots and holes, pain while eating, bad breath, and more.
If you think you may have cavities or tooth decay, you should see your dentist and let them decide the course of treatment.
You can prevent cavities if you
- Brush your teeth daily twice a day
- Floss your teeth daily as required
- Rinse your mouth after each meal
- Reduce the intake of sugary or starchy foods
- Visit your dentist for regular checkups
2. Gum Disease
Gum disease occurs when the gums around your teeth get infected. Not brushing and improper brushing also contribute to this. Gum disease is more common than you may imagine. Gum disease at its earlier stages is called gingivitis. It is caused by a buildup of plaque between your teeth and gums. Early gum disease can go undetected for some time so you should constantly monitor your oral health and watch for signs and symptoms.
Advanced gum disease is called Periodontitis. This can be more painful and needs immediate treatment. Periodontal disease can progress and worsen to a stage where your teeth may start to loosen.
You should watch for symptoms like
- Bad breath
- Swollen or bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- Tender gums
What you can do to prevent gum disease
- Maintain good oral hygiene
- Monitor the condition of your teeth and gums
- Brush your teeth twice a day
- Floss your teeth when necessary
- Visit your dentist for regular checkups
3. Teeth Sensitivity
If you do not take care of your teeth, the enamel may get eroded, exposing the dentin underneath. This causes your teeth to become sensitive to hot and cold food items and drinks.
Sensitive teeth can cause a great deal of discomfort since dentin is the layer that has tubes that go to the nerve endings. This can cause jolts of pain. Tooth sensitivity is mostly caused by cavities or tooth decay. There may be other causes of tooth sensitivity like Gum disease, eroded fillings, eroded enamel, cracked teeth, and more.
If you have sensitive teeth, you should see your dentist and follow what they recommend. There are several kinds of toothpaste and mouthwash that are meant to be used for tooth sensitivity. Your dentist should be able to formulate the right treatment plan according to your case.
You can prevent teeth sensitivity by
- Maintaining oral hygiene
- Brushing with a soft-bristled toothbrush
- Avoiding abrasive toothpaste
- Avoiding sugary or acidic foods and drinks
- Visiting your dentist regularly for a dental checkup
4. Cracked or Chipped Tooth
Many people get their teeth cracked or chipped by accident. This can happen if you bite down on something really hard while eating. Many people suffer facial injuries after getting hit in the face while playing outdoor sports or being involved in adventurous activities.
A broken, cracked, or chipped tooth can be extremely painful and can cause a great amount of discomfort.
You should immediately visit your dentist if you think you have a cracked or chipped tooth. Your dentist will advise further on the course of treatment to fix the issue.
You can prevent such things by
- Wearing high-quality mouth protectors while playing impact sports
- Wearing a helmet during adventure activities
- Wearing mouth guards while sleeping if you grind your teeth
5. Tooth Erosion
Tooth erosion and dental cavities happen under similar circumstances. People who regularly consume highly sugary and acidic foods are more likely to suffer from dental erosion. Those suffering from dry mouth are also prone to this problem since they do not produce enough saliva to rinse away the sugars and acids in the diet.
Dental erosion can be treated by your dentist by using a technique called tooth bonding where resin is used. You may be suggested to use dental veneers or crowns according to your specific dental condition. Since the effects of dental erosion are irreversible, it is only possible to prevent it before it happens.
Prevent tooth erosion by
- Avoiding acidic foods or drinks
- Eating a healthy and balanced diet
- Drinking regular water and avoiding sodas
- Eating fruit rather than drinking juice
- Visiting your dentist regularly for early detection
Common dental problems can occur to anyone, and it’s essential to be informed and prepared. From cavities to gum disease, knowing how to prevent and treat dental issues can help ensure your oral health remains in top condition.
If you want to get the solution to all your dental problems, you can reach out to Morgan Hill Dentistry.