- by admin
- July 27, 2022
Introduction to Dental Implants
One of the most satisfactory, safest & long-lasting options for replacing a missing tooth dental implants have become a go-to treatment for complete restoration.
Dental implants not only deliver a complete tooth replacement in the form of artificial roots, but they also restore the full function of the mouth and help to stop jawbone loss.
Created from pure titanium, implants are rather small in size to allow them to fit into the bone under the gum and function like regular tooth roots.
A molded and customized crown is placed on top of the implant after the implant has healed to complete the procedure and provide a natural look.
In this article, we will discuss the types of dental implants to help you make a more informed decision when it comes to tooth restoration.
Types of Dental Implants
Dental implants are primarily of two types:
- Endosteal Implants
- Subperiosteal Implants
Endosteal Implants are typically the most used type of dental implant and are suitable for most patients.
However, a reasonably strong jawline for the post to integrate with is a prerequisite. They are sometimes also used as a substitute for a bridge or a removable denture.
They can be of various types like:
- Screw types (threaded)
- Cylinder types (smooth)
- Bladed types.
The type of dental implant that would work best for a particular person is decided by a dentist after a complete examination and a few imaging tests.
Endosteal implants are the most popular choice used today as they are deemed to be the safest and most effective for the purpose.
Endosteal Implant Treatment
Procedure: Placeholder posts made of titanium that are inserted into the jaw after drilling into the jawbone, Endosteal implants are shaped like a screw and act as an artificial root.
After the procedure, some time is taken for the soft tissue and bone to heal around the root, and to fuse with the jawbone to create a stronghold for the crown to rest upon and perform the normal function of the teeth.
Upon healing, the false teeth are put on top of the post or abutment to match with the surrounding teeth.
The healing period can sometimes take up to a couple of months or more.
Stability: Endosteal Implants are reputed to provide one of the most reliable, durable and natural-looking results.
Procedure: The main alternative to Endosteal Implants, Subperiosteal implants are not fixed into the jawbone but rest on top of the bone but under the gum instead. The post or abutment is connected to a metal frame placed under the gum.
Upon gradually healing around the frame, the gum holds it in place. False teeth or crowns are then fastened to the poles coming out from the gum.
Rarely used these days, Subperiosteal Implants were previously mostly used to hold dentures in place in patients with insufficient bone height.
In a far quicker treatment plan than an Endosteal implant, usually, two appointments are needed to complete the all-around treatment process with Subperiosteal implants
Stability: As this implant doesn’t go into the jawbone but rests on top of the bone and is held in place by only soft tissue, Subperiosteal implants don’t have the same extent of strength and stability as the Endosteal implant. Still, it can provide more support than dentures without implants can.
An ideal choice for patients who want to avoid a jaw grafting procedure or don’t possess a healthy jawbone, Subperiosteal implants can also be placed during a single-stage procedure for those who are in a hurry.
An ideal and very popular treatment to restore lost teeth, dental implants are mainly of two types Endosteal and Subperiosteal, with both being feasible options depending on the unique needs of the patients.
Though Endosteal implants are best suited for most patients, the method involves screwing the implant into the jawbone making adequate health and density of the jawbone a necessity.
Patients with naturally limited jawbone height or the ones who have a narrowed and worn down bone density due to trauma or disease, sometimes may not possess enough bone needed to support an endosteal implant.
A subperiosteal implant can then be an option. Moreover, if you are someone who does not like the idea of something being placed into your jawbone, then you may like the idea of the Subperiosteal implant more.
However, the choice of the best type of implant suited for you based on your needs can only be made by an expert dentist.
The very skilled, competent and extremely qualified team of the dentist at Morgan Hill Dentistry can help you decide the type of implants best suited for you, after a thorough examination of your teeth, bone density and other health conditions.